What causes sleep apnea? How to stop sleep apnea?

What causes sleep apnea? How to stop sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea refers to the temporary stop of breathing during sleep.

Sleep apnea generally divides into central, obstructive, and mixed.

Obstructive sleep apnea accounts for about 90% of people with snoring and referrers to as OSAS in medicine. 

What causes sleep apnea?

What causes sleep apnea?

Some people due to its physical structure, natural sleep snoring, such as the short narrow jaw, neck and stubby, fat, shrink the chin and other short; while the other person snoring sounds particularly loud, often appear the phenomenon of suffocation.

OSAS is because of the upper airway block due to the loose soft tissues near the throat, and the narrowing of the airway causes apnea during sleep. 

For example, some people snored like thunder when they were sleeping, and then suddenly there was no sound. After tens of seconds, there was rapid breathing, then the snoring sounded again, and then stopped breathing again. 

This is because the soft tissue obstructs the airway, causing the snorer to deprive of oxygen during sleep. This condition will affect sleep and cause awakening at night due to a lack of oxygen.

What causes sleep apnea?

The Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

  • Loud snoring, fatigue, daytime sleepiness, etc.
  • Tossing and turning, hyperactivity during sleep.
  • Waking up during sleep.
  • Headache, dry mouth, sore throat when waking up.
  • Increased nocturia.
  • Even if you have enough sleep time, you can still feel tired after waking up.
  • Inability to think clearly during the day and memory loss.
  • In some patients with OSAS, the symptoms may not be obvious, and quite a few people mistakenly believe that fatigue or loud snoring is normal.
The Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

How to treat it

1. Surgical treatment:

The effect is obvious and fast, but the risk is high, the cost is high, and it is easy to relapse. Some patients spend tens of thousands of yuan for the operation, but the snoring is still less than a year.

Applicable people:

After the doctor’s diagnosis, a small group of people suitable for surgery. 

2. Mechanical ventilation treatment:

no pain, can improve sleep quality immediately. The equipment is expensive and inconvenient to carry. It can only be used for auxiliary treatment and cannot be cured.

It is uncomfortable for the patient to wear a mask every day to sleep. If the power is suddenly cut off, it may endanger the life of the patient. 

Applicable population: 

1. Patients with AHI≥15 times/hour. 
2. Patients with AHI<15 times/hour, but with obvious symptoms such as daytime sleepiness. 
3. Patients who have failed surgical treatment or relapsed. 
4. Patients who cannot tolerate other treatment methods.

3. Behavioral therapy:

choose the right pillow, the firmness of the pillow should moderate, pay attention to develop good living habits. Like eat less irritating food, mainly light food, quit smoking and drink. Lose weight, maintain a standard weight and sleep on the side. 

Applicable crowd: 

1. Potential OSAS. 
2. Weak OSAS. 
3. Mild OSAS. 

4. Sleep mouthpart treatment:

It is a small oral device, convenient to carry, and precise positioning. 

Applicable crowd: 

1. Applicable to 60% of the snoring population.  
2. Mild to moderate OSAS patients. 
3. Postoperative OSAS patients. 
4. Adjuvant treatment of severe OSAS patients (used with CPAP ventilator).

Therefore, if you find abnormal snoring, such as strong, irregular snoring. It is necessary to go to the hospital for an examination as soon as possible.

Many major hospitals have developed sleep medicine projects and even specialties, which can conduct professional sleep monitoring, which is also the main means of diagnosing sleep-disordered breathing.

By the way, I’d like to recommend ShutEye, an all-in one sleep app. It provides intelligent sleep tracker, so that you can start to understand your sleep cycles from a scientific perspective. And Snore detector informs you of how much you snore during the night.

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